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Personal Independence Payment (PIP) was subject to change recently after a Supreme Court ruling meant many thousands could be entitled to claim at a higher rate. PIP was first introduced in 2013 and 1.7 million people asked for their claim to be reconsidered with 37 percent receiving a higher payout as a result. But when exactly do you have to claim PIP instead of Disability Living Allowance?
What is PIP?
PIP is a benefit payment available to people who have additional care or mobility needs as a result of a long-term illness or disability.
This payment is designed to help adults facing extra costs because they have a long-term health condition.
PIP is available for any long-term health condition whether physical, sensory, mental, cognitive, intellectual or any combination of these.
PIP was first introduced in 2013 as an eventual replacement for Disability Living Allowance (DLA).
The Department of Work and Pensions outlined changes it was making to PIP earlier this year.
These changes would affect the PIP claim process.
These changes involve:
- Managing medication and monitoring a health condition
- Safety and supervision
- Special diet as therapy
- Overwhelming psychological distress and planning journeys.
Who is eligible for PIP?
To be eligible for PIP you must be aged between 16 and State Pension age.
You become ineligible once you reach State Pension age.
You must also:
- Struggle with daily tasks or mobility because of your physical or mental health condition.
- Have suffered issues for at least three months and expect it to continue for another nine months.
- Typically live in England, Scotland or Wales when you apply
- Have lived in England, Scotland or Wales for at least two years, unless you are a refugee or an immediate family member of a refugee.
There are exceptions to these rules if you are terminally ill or in the armed forces.
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When will you have to claim PIP instead of Disability Living Allowance?
You must claim PIP instead of DLA when:
- You reach 16 years old
- You inform the Department for Work and Pensions (DWP) about a change in your care or mobility needs
- You are requested to change from DLA to PIP by the DWP
- If you receive Disability Living Allowance and your claim has an end date, you will be asked to claim PIP before your DLA ends.
However, if you get DLA and your claim does not have an end date outline, you can be requested to claim PIP at any time after September 2017.
After you are asked by the DWP to claim PIP instead of DLA, you will have four weeks to input your claim.
If you start your PIP claim within four weeks, your DLA will continue being paid until your PIP claim has been decided.
However, if you do not make the PIP claim within this four-week timeframe, your DLA payments will stop.
The DWP will then ask you again to claim PIP and give you another four weeks to submit your claim.
If you start your PIP claim before the final deadline, your DLA will be paid again until your PIP claim has been decided.
However, if you fail to begin your PIP claim before the final deadline ends, your DLA claim will be closed.
How much PIP could you receive?
PIP payments range from £23.60 to £151.40 a week depending on the extent to which your life is impacted by your health condition.
The payment consists in two forms: the daily living component and the mobility component.
Each component is paid at either a standard or enhanced rate.
From April 2020 the weekly rates are as follows:
- Daily living component standard rate: £59.70
- Daily living component enhanced rate: £89.15
- Mobility component standard rate: £23.60
- Mobility component enhanced rate: £62.25.
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